TheÂ National Institute of Standards and Technology has created aÂ superconducting switch to support the development of “neuromorphic” computers that would operate like a human brain.
NIST said Friday the switch, called a synapse, is designed toÂ connect processors and store memories of neuromorphic systems.
Neuromorphic computers are envisioned to improve perception andÂ decision-making for various uses, including self-driving cars and cancer diagnosis.
The artificial synapse works to operate faster and use less energy than the human synapses that connectÂ brain cells.
NIST’s synapse could be used in neuromorphic computers made of superconducting components, which provide more efficient data transmission and storage than semiconductor- or software-based devices.
The human brain processes data both in sequence and simultaneously and stores memories in synapses across the brain, while conventional computers only process data inÂ sequence and stores them in a separate system.
NIST researchers believe the new synapse could lead to the creation of a “more complex” neuromorphic computerÂ than has been developed using other technologies.