The Government Accountability Office has found that most agencies met spending requirements under twoÂ small business research and development programs inÂ fiscal year 2015.
GAO said Wednesday nine of 11 participating agencies underÂ the Small Business Innovation Research program submitted the required report on obligations for extramural research and development work, which are conducted by non-federal personnel outside of federal facilities.
Eight of the nine agencies met the 2.9 percent minimum requirement for extramuralÂ R&D obligations spent on SBIR.
Four of fiveÂ participants in the Small Business Technology Transfer program providedÂ extramural R&D obligations data and all four achieved spending requirements.
Auditors could not determine whether theÂ Defense DepartmentÂ or the Environmental Protection AgencyÂ had met requirements since they did not submitÂ obligations data, GAO reported.
Officials from DoD, EPA and most participating agencies told GAO they faced challengesÂ in using extramural R&D obligations data to calculate spending requirements and gauge compliance.
A group of agencies aim toÂ propose an alternative calculation process to address difficulties, according to the report.
DoDÂ and EPA should establish procedures to properly collect the required data, orÂ propose to Congress an alternative way to calculate spending requirements, the congressional watchdogÂ noted.