The U.S. Army has introduced an updated manual on cyber warfare and electromagnetic operations, C4ISRNET reported Friday.
Mark Pomerleau writes the FM 3-12 Cyberspace and Electronic Warfare Operations manual seeks to replace the FM 3-38 document initially released in 2014.
The FM 3-12 manual offers procedures on how to integrate and coordinate the Army’s electronic warfare and cyber operations in support of joint operations and unified ground missions.
The document defines three types of EW operations that include electronic attack, electronic warfare support and electronic protection as well as outlines details on cyber missions that are carried out from remote areas for both strategic and tactical campaigns.
The updated manual also classifies the EM spectrum as the “common denominator” for the service branch’s EW and cyber operations, the report added.